Pleural effusion pathology

Original Article

Author Details : Shobha SN, Rajashekar YR

Volume : 2, Issue : 1, Year : 2017

Article Page : 8-12

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Introduction: Cytological examination of pleural fluid is of paramount importance, it reveals information about inflammatory conditions, and malignant and metastatic pleural effusions.
Materials and Methods: This study on pleural fluid cytology, was done over a period of two years and 100 cases of pleural effusion with relevant clinical data were obtained.
Results: Females had predominance of malignant effusions (53.84%) compared to males (46.15%) with M:F ratio of 1:1.2. 84% 0f the samples are exudative and 16% of samples are transudative effusions Among samples received maximum number of samples had a clinical diagnosis of Tuberculosis (52%) Pneumonia (25%), and Malignant effusion (10%).
Conclusion: Pleural fluid cytology is the most useful tests in establishing the diagnosis of pleural effusion. Cytological examination of body fluids is a complete diagnostic modality which aims at pointing out the etiology and prognosis of effusion. The technique is simple, safe, cost-effective and reproducible even in resource limited settings.

Keyword: Pleural fluid, Cytology, Tuberculosis, Pneumonia

How to cite : Shobha Sn, Rajashekar Yr, Pleural effusion pathology. IP J Diagn Pathol Oncol 2017;2(1):8-12

Copyright © 2017 by author(s) and IP J Diagn Pathol Oncol. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (

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