A histopathological study of unusual findings in appendectomy specimens in a tertiary care hospital of Andhra Pradesh


Original Article

Author Details : Srinivasulu Kande, Boddu Penchala Prasanna, Sushma Chandulee Kancharla, Suneetha Kona*

Volume : 6, Issue : 4, Year : 2021

Article Page : 291-294

https://doi.org/10.18231/j.jdpo.2021.062



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Abstract

Background: Acute appendicitis is sudden inflammation of the appendix, usually initiated by obstruction of the lumen. This results in invasion of the appendix wall by gut flora, and it becomes inflamed and infected.
Aim: To investigate retrospectivelythe prevalence and implications of unusual histopathological findings in appendectomy specimens from patients with suspected acute appendicitis.
Materials and Methods: This is retrospective assessment of hospital records of 150 patients who were diagnosed as acute appendicitis and underwent appendicectomy during March 2018 to February 2020 at Government Medical College, Bhagya Nagar, Ongole, Andhra Pradesh .Data of the patients were assessed based on age, sex, histopathological diagnosis, coexisting pathologies and uncommon findings on histology.
Results: According to histopathology report, negative for acute appendicitis were noted in 82 cases (55%), whereas positive for acute appendicitis in 68 cases (45.3%) . Rare findings were foundin 38 (55.8%) cases out of 68 cases. Parasites were found in 7 (18.4%) (Enterobius Vermicularis, Balantidum Coli, Schistosoma Haematobium), Mucocele in 12 (32%), carcinoid tumour in 8(21%), B cell malignant lymphoma in 2 (5%), leiomyoma in 2 (5%), Primary appendiceal adenocarcinoma in 3 (8%), Acute appendicitis with dysplastic changes in 2 (5%) and inflammatory bowel polyp was reported in remaining two cases(5%).
Conclusion : Even though unusualpathologies can be seen rarely during appendectomy, this should be kept in mind for further evaluation of each cases.
 

Keywords: Acute appendicitis, Appendicectomy, Histopathology


How to cite : Kande S, Prasanna B P, Kancharla S C, Kona S, A histopathological study of unusual findings in appendectomy specimens in a tertiary care hospital of Andhra Pradesh. IP J Diagn Pathol Oncol 2021;6(4):291-294


Copyright © 2021 by author(s) and IP J Diagn Pathol Oncol. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (creativecommons.org)





Article History

Received : 22-09-2021

Accepted : 09-10-2021

Available online : 26-11-2021


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https://doi.org/10.18231/j.jdpo.2021.062


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