T-Lymphoblastic lymphoma presenting with obstructive jaundice and pleural effusion; role of flow cytometry on pleural fluid: A case report


Case Report

Author Details : Namrata P Awasthi*, Anshima S

Volume : 6, Issue : 3, Year : 2021

Article Page : 237-241

https://doi.org/10.18231/j.jdpo.2021.051



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Abstract

T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma often presents as a large mediastinal mass in the anterior mediastinum with shortness of breath as chief complaint. We, put forward a case of T-LBL, presenting with obstructive jaundice and, later developing pleural effusion. Diagnosis was clinched by Flow Cytometry (FCM) performed on the pleural fluid, which revealed, neoplastic lymphoid cells; suggesting T-cell Lymphoproliferative disorder.Bone marrow examination and immunohistochemistry revealed CD3+, TDT+, CD10+, CD34- and CD20- blasts. Thus, diagnosis of T-ALL/LBL was rendered. Clinicians should be mindful that TALL/LBL can uniquely present with obstructive jaundice, proffering serious diagnostic dilemma. FCM should be attempted on any available body fluids/effusions, in appropriate clinical settings, as it can contribute substantially, in making a rapid diagnosis and, initiating early therapy.
Key Messages: 1. Leukemia/lymphoma should be considered in the differential diagnoses, when the initial work-up for obstructive jaundice, is inconclusive; 2. FCM can be performed on any fluid/effusion sample for hematolymphoid neoplasm and can aid in making a rapid diagnosis.
 

Keywords: T­Lymphoblastic leukemia/lymphoma, Obstructive jaundice, Pleural effusion, Flow cytometry


How to cite : Awasthi N P, Anshima S, T-Lymphoblastic lymphoma presenting with obstructive jaundice and pleural effusion; role of flow cytometry on pleural fluid: A case report. IP J Diagn Pathol Oncol 2021;6(3):237-241


Copyright © 2021 by author(s) and IP J Diagn Pathol Oncol. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (creativecommons.org)



Article History

Received : 07-07-2021

Accepted : 18-08-2021

Available online : 13-09-2021


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https://doi.org/10.18231/j.jdpo.2021.051


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