To differentiate between different types of anaemia morphologically and its distribution in different age groups and sex


Original Article

Author Details : Dupinder Kaur*, Pooja Agarwal

Volume : 6, Issue : 1, Year : 2021

Article Page : 54-57

https://doi.org/10.18231/j.jdpo.2021.012



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Abstract

Background & Methods : Males who attended various departmental OPDs at tertiary care centre, and inpatients participated in this study as per the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Blood was withdrawn from an cubital vein by mean of dry sterile 5mldisposable plastic syringe with a needle of 20 guage after preparing the cubital fossa with a sterile swab, 3ml of blood was withdraw slowly, immediately blood is transferred to sterile tube with di-potassium EDTA as anticoagulant.
Results: Out of 500 cases, 320 cases were male cases and 180 were female cases. Of these 320 male cases, 98 (30.63%) cases had mild anaemia, 189 cases (59.6%) had moderate anaemia and 33 cases (10.31%) had severe anaemia. Similarly, of 180 female cases, 55 (30.56%) cases had mild anaemia, 101 cases (56.11%) had moderate anaemia and 24 cases (13.33%) had severe anaemia. Male to female ratio is 1.8:1 i.e male outnumbered female in the study. However, the distribution of severity of anaemia did not differ significantly between males and females (P-value>0.05). Out of the 500 cases studied, 50 cases (10%) had
>80fl MCV, 319 cases (63.80%) had MCV between 59-80 fl and 131 cases (26.20%) had <59> Conclusions: Anemia is the most common problem occurring in males in our country, due to various reasons. Prevalence is being higher in Indian scenario, as compared to developed countries. Hence, it is recommended that, this age group is compulsorily screened for anaemia. Study of morphological pattern of anaemia directs us to the further management of underlying etiology.

Keywords: Anaemia, Morphologically, Age & Sex.


How to cite : Kaur D , Agarwal P , To differentiate between different types of anaemia morphologically and its distribution in different age groups and sex. IP J Diagn Pathol Oncol 2021;6(1):54-57


Copyright © 2021 by author(s) and IP J Diagn Pathol Oncol. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (creativecommons.org)



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https://doi.org/10.18231/j.jdpo.2021.012


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