Celiac disease in duodenal biopsies; 2 year experience at a tertiary care hospital

Original Article

Author Details : Ritika Gupta, Sarojini Raman*, Bipad Bhanjan Mallik, Urmila Senapati

Volume : 6, Issue : 1, Year : 2021

Article Page : 25-31


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Background: Duodenal endoscopic biopsy is a common useful test advised for patients presenting with various malabsorption syndromes.
Aim: To study the histopathological changes observed in suspected malabsoption cases including Celiac disease (CD) with emphasis upon the Intraepithelial Lymphocytes (IELs) and to have a clinico-pathologic correlation.
Settings & Design: This was a 2 year prospective study of cases presenting to gastrology OPD with suspected malabsorption selected for duodenal biopsy.
Materials and Methods : Haematoxylin and Eosin (H&E) stain was used for study of histological parameters. IEL counts were correlated in CD3 immunohistochemical (IHC) stain. Clinical and laboratory parameters were correlated wherever available.
Statistical Analysis: The variables were expressed as mean SD. Chi - square test or independent T test was used for comparison of variables. p value was < 0> Results: Out of 164 duodenal biopsies,105 cases had raised IEL.11 patients had CD (10.47%), rest were non celiac disease (NCD) of differen t aetiologies.Liver function tests, Endoscopy, Architecture of mucosa, crypt architecture, blunting, villous crypt ratio showed statistically significant correlation between CD and nonceliac disease groups with p values (P~0.034), (P~0.000),P~0.002),(P~0.000), (P~0,000) and (P~0.000) respectively. The specificity and positive predictive value (PPV) of villous tip IEL in both H&E & CD3 IHC were 100% in CD cases in our study.
Conclusion: A complete clinical, endoscopic, serological and histopathological evaluation is essential for diagnosis of CD cases. Raised IEL in duodenal biopsies can be a very useful initial indicator for detecting many latent or subclinical CD cases.

Keywords: Biopsy, Celiac Disease, Intraepithelial lymphocytes, Malabsorption.

How to cite : Gupta R , Raman S , Mallik B B, Senapati U , Celiac disease in duodenal biopsies; 2 year experience at a tertiary care hospital. IP J Diagn Pathol Oncol 2021;6(1):25-31

Copyright © 2021 by author(s) and IP J Diagn Pathol Oncol. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (creativecommons.org)

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