Cliniopathological profile in women with abnormal uterine bleeding


Original Article

Author Details : Akshata A.C*, Bindu Rani K.M

Volume : 6, Issue : 1, Year : 2021

Article Page : 15-18

https://doi.org/10.18231/j.jdpo.2021.004



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Abstract

Introduction: Abnormal uterine bleeding is a challenging gynecological problem caused by various endometrial pathologies and is a major clinical problem among women in peri and postmenopausal age groups. The problem is common worldwide but causes may vary from one region to another.
Aims and Objectives: The main objective was to evaluate pathological spectrum of different endometrial lesions in abnormal uterine bleeding and to correlate with clinical history and diagnosis.
Materials and Methods: The study was a prospective study done from August 2017 to July 2019. The specimens received from endometrial biopsy were included in the study. All the specimens were fixed in formalin and processed through paraffin wax embedding method. Sections were cut at 3-5 micrometer thickness and stained by Hematoxylin and Eosin (H&E) stain and were examined under light microscope. 
Result: A total no. of 247 cases were studied. Out of these, 57 cases were of Proliferative endometrium, 33 cases of Secretory endometrium, 34 cases of simple hyperplasia without atypia, 11 cases of cystic glandular hyperplasia, 17 cases of complex hyperplasia with atypia, 09 cases of menstrual phase endometrium, 07 cases of irregular shedding, 06 cases of endometrial polyp and anovulatory cycle, 04 cases of endometritis, 03 cases each of simple hyperplasia with atypia, progesterone exposed endometrium and inadequate secretory phase, 02 cases each of complex hyperplasia without atypia, atrophic endometrium, products of conception and inadequate proliferative phase and 01 case each of stromal hyperplasia. 45 samples were inadequate. Maximum cases of abnormal uterine bleeding were seen between 31-40 years of age.
Interpretation and Conclusion: Abnormal uterine bleeding is one of the commonest condition for which patients seek advice in the gynecological outpatient department. Analysis of histopathology of endometrium in abnormal uterine bleeding helps in management of patients and to know the pathological incidence of structural causes in AUB prior to surgery.

Keywords: Abnormal uterine bleeding proliferative phase complex hyperplasia with atypia endometrial carcinoma endometrial polyp.


How to cite : A.c A , K.m B R, Cliniopathological profile in women with abnormal uterine bleeding. IP J Diagn Pathol Oncol 2021;6(1):15-18


Copyright © 2021 by author(s) and IP J Diagn Pathol Oncol. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (creativecommons.org)



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https://doi.org/10.18231/j.jdpo.2021.004


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